45 Phrasal verbs commonly used in English
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Definition – Phrasal Verbs
A phrasal verb is a combination of a verb and another word or two, usually a preposition or an adverb. They are very important in English as they help to make you sound a lot more natural when you’re speaking or be it while writing.
Natives usually don’t find it hard to use them (of course, because it’s what they have been listening to since birth), but for a non native it is definitely not a piece of cake (Click here!) to understand and use them in their spoken English.
- Make sure you call up (Click here!) before the meeting.
- How can you put up with this torture and not speak even a single word?
Now if you make a native read the above sentences, he/she won’t find it hard to understand what it means, while for a non native or the person who is new to learning English, won’t be able to answer or understand properly until he knows it (the meaning of these phrasal verbs) from before.
Many of you might think that non natives find it difficult because they don’t know much about their types and rules.
So I won’t even take your even single second and let’s learn about types of phrasal verbs:
TYPES OF PHRASAL VERBS
Some say there are two types of phrasal verbs while others four. It has always been a topic of discussion and different English teacher teach it depending on the sources they learnt the information from. I don’t say books or sources they learnt from are wrong, but I went through many of the English books, blogs and resources and found different answer at every place which can make a learner even more confused with the concepts and types.
So without further ado, I will explain you all the concepts you should know before learning the list of these phrasal verbs:
Phrasal verbs are basically of two types-
Intransitive phrasal verbs
Intransitive phrasal verbs are the phrasal verb that does not require a direct object.
- Hurry up!
- Robert dropped by(Click here!) at my place yesterday.
- I didn’t do that good; I am just expecting to get through(Click here!).
Many of you will comment that the second example is wrong because you see an object in it. So before you do that, lemme explain what direct object means.
“A direct object is the group of words that is acted upon by the verb. And as you can see, in the second sentence “at my place yesterday” is not acted upon directly by the verb ‘drop’, so the sentence doesn’t have any direct object and the phrasal verb is intransitive ”
Transitive phrasal verbs
Transitive phrasal verbs are the phrasal verbs that have a direct object.
- I am going to throw these biscuits away because they have expired far before.
- My boss turned down(Click here!) my leave for my brother’s marriage.
- My mother came across(Click here!) my lost earphones while cleaning the house.
Transitive phrasal verbs are of two types:
Separable phrasal verbs- The phrasal verbs in which you can put direct object in between and separate them, hence they are called separable phrasal verbs.
Examples of separable phrasal verbs
- You can’t do the initial steps properly; you need to do it over.
- He doesn’t want to let his mother down by failing this time.
Inseparable phrasal verbs- The phrasal verbs in which you cannot put direct object in between and separate them are called inseparable phrasal verbs.
Example of inseparable phrasal verbs
- I ran into one of my old colleagues yesterday on a bus. (CORRECT)
- I ran one of my old colleagues into yesterday on a bus. (WRONG)
- He can easily get the role as the lead artist in his brother’s absence; both brothers take after their father almost 100%.(CORRECT)
- He can easily get the role as the lead artist in his brother’s absence, both brothers take their father after almost 100%. (WRONG)
Why you should not learn from English phrasal verbs dictionary?
Ever since people start off(Click here!) their journey to learn either vocabulary or phrasal verbs, they hands down go for this option, expecting they would mug up all the vocabulary and phrasal verbs given in it and speak like a native.
Sorry to break your heart, but it will never breed the results you imagined for.
And excuse me for saying that, I definitely do not doubt your intelligence but the matter of the fact is no human is Google after all. We don’t have unlimited space in our mind to keep inputting the data and remember all.
Moreover dictionary was never made with the purpose of learning, it is just a source for referential purpose so that in case if you get stuck while reading a book, blogs and posts etc. you can refer to it for deeper and clearer understanding of the topic.
I have seen many of the non natives learning 10 words (phrasal verbs and idioms included) daily and writing them down in their separate notebook.
Is it even worth to do that?
Not at all.
You will end up making another dictionary in your notebook after a year, moreover the words or phrasal verbs you learnt today will get vanished after a week when they are burdened with seventy new of them.
You many wanna ask now?
How to learn these phrasal verbs?
Traditional ways to mug up a list of phrasal verbs and expecting you will be able to use them in your spoken English is not a reality but a myth.
It is for this reason that even after years of learning English language at school, students cannot hold a conversation fluently. And please don’t feel bad, I never doubt your knowledge or fluency, but what I am saying is what I have been seeing for years.
In school we learnt a list of phrasal verbs, wrote down all the answers in our answer sheets but now, the fact is we hardly remember even half the list that we learnt then.
The question arises…
How to learn then?
Well, there are tons of effective methods which you can try to see which one works best for you. To quote a few of them, they are:
Method 1 :Learning in context
“According to science if you learn anything in context, it creates a link in your mind to learn and remember better.” The same goes with learning phrasal verbs or be it anything. Here, at ‘Your English Vocabulary’ we apply the same concept and teach you everything with context and examples. At first you get a short story with the use of phrasal verbs or idioms so that you can understand it well and have a link in your mind to remember it for long. Then there are some pictures which I try to pick that are relevant to the given phrasal verbs or idioms. Learning in context is something that I truly believe in and apply the same on my blog.
And I am sure you will love learning this way if you make it a habit.
Method 2 : Effective listening
It is also one of the best ways to pick up phrasal verbs in context and lemme make it clear to you, listening doesn’t mean that it has to be always an English learning blog. You can watch any YouTube video in English which is run by a native speaker depending on your personal choice and preferences. You can also subscribe to any podcast (which are usually for FREE) be it motivational, lifestyle or whatever you personal taste is, and of course this article would be incomplete if I don’t mention the power of songs. Songs are hands down one of my personal favorite which works like a magic to improve your vocabulary and fluency as well.
Method 3 : Take phrasal verbs quizzes and phrasal verbs exercises
Of course learning in context is the main meal of the learning process, but no meal is complete without a dessert. And phrasal verbs exercises or phrasal verbs quizzes are the dessert of this entire learning process. After learning the whole list of phrasal verbs in context, you should always take the quiz or exercise so as to make them permanent in your memory and use them while speaking English.
In case you if you are looking for phrasal verb quizzes, we have a new one in every blog post but if you wanna practice more, here is my personal favourite which you can check if you want Using English.
Method 4 : Commenting (BONUS!)
After you learnt the whole list of phrasal verbs with context, examples and relevant pictures. Most of the people don’t practice, as a result, they forget most of the content and complain they can’t remember for long.
Lemme tell you, if you are honest to yourself and are committed to learn and improve, no one can stop you and you can speak like a native English speaker. But the bottom line of the process is many people lack the practice they need to put in, to learn and permanent these phrasal verbs or idioms in their mind. So please do the steps what I am about to tell you and I can promise, you will learn and remember better.
Taking phrasal verbs quizzes and exercises is one step of the process, the other one is commenting.
Now please don’t get me wrong, I am not asking for usual comments like “Informative ….”, “Please post…….”.
I want you to practice and you can practice by commenting your personal examples using the phrasal verbs or idioms in the post.
How this helps?
When you comment, it is seen by me as well as many other blog readers, so even if I could not reply in any case, your comment will be seen by other members and you can correct each other.
Simple as that.
So I encourage you all to start developing these all habits and sooner you will notice a major change in your active vocabulary which will be a home of naturally learnt phrasal verbs and idioms.
Let’s see the story in context and learn some of the phrasal verbs from the context of the story.
Story in context
On 3rd of December I ran into one of my old friends Robin, on city lane bus stop. We were on cloud nine (Click here!) seeing each other after such a long time, but since I was getting late to pick up my mom from airport, asking his present address I moved on. Two days down the line I went to his place to meet him.
The scenarios have completely changed what they were before; a happy and cheerful young man was all broken down (Click here!).
After a while, I learnt that Robin was selected for a state level race competition from his school but yesterday he was riding a bike on local streets at almost 90 km/hr and suddenly a small boy came on his way and he fell from his bike after he applied the disc brakes. He suffered some serious bruises and sprains due to which he could not even stand properly.
His mother’s reaction took me aback (Click here!) when instead of consoling him at that moment, she was ranting about whatever he did.
Robin was determined to take part in the final selection race which was after a few days. As he told his mother about his decision, she completely freaked out as it could turn his wounds and sprain into some serious lifetime injuries. She completely turned down (Click here!) his decision.
“I just don’t wanna give in, try to understand mom”, said Robin to his mom.
[Keep noticing phrasal verbs]
I was so confused between both that I noticed that Robin took after his mother in many ways. I know it’s awkward but I didn’t know what to say because both of them had value in their statements and were right at their stands.
After his mother left, he told me that he doesn’t want to let his college down by not taking part in the competition. I was now prepared that I had to stand by (Click here!) him no matter what the situations are. Without a proper exercise routine and plans, we both knew it would fall through. Figuring out the most appropriate stretches and some light exercises, he started off (Click here!) his practice.
[Keep noticing phrasal verbs]
Not even half an hour was over Robin started throwing up and sat on a chair. “I am exhausted, don’t know if I will be able to make it” he said.
I could not see him like this, so I went close to him and cheered him up.
The next moment he was on back on track without breaking off (Click here!) his momentum for continuous two hours of exercise and running. Things now seemed to be working out and soon came the day of final selection.
We both reached the place where a group of bullies said, “It’s not a one leg race buddy. Go back to your home and take rest”. Robin was kicked off but it was definitely not the time to revert back so we just moved on. The race started and Robin ran with all his force and power with adrenaline pumping through his veins and won.
The bully group who looked down on him started coming closer after he defeated them, but this was our time so we cut them out because Robin was surrounded by his well wishers and they definitely did not want to mess with the all his (Robin’s) colleagues because they were too many. Soon after that I came along (Click here!) with Robin and decided to eat out as he won.
We directly went to the shopping store and tried on some new street style clothing. Dressing up with a black leather jacket we reached the new restaurant that has it’s opening a month ago and ordered a giant pizza, two burritos and of course, some drink. Though he was advised not eat such foods and cut down on food with extra fat but it was our day, so we decided to keep away those things and enjoy.
45 Phrasal verbs commonly used in English
Run into – meet someone unexpectedly.
- I ran into one of my school teacher on a restaurant today.
- Josh was kicked off when he ran into his ex-girlfriend at the bar on Saturday.
Pick up – to receive someone from a place especially when the destinations are same.
- I will pick you up for the party tomorrow.
- It was so sweet of Joseph to pick up his girlfriend right from her door at the college farewell party.
Ranting about – complain loudly and angrily about something.
- My wife is ranting about cancelling the trip we planned this weekend.
- I don’t know why his mother keeps ranting about his son’s behavior; he is not that bad after all.
Freak out – When someone freaks out he/she suddenly gets angry about something.
- His boss freaked out when he asked for a leave this Monday.
- Michel freaks out if you talk about anything related to his ex-girlfriend.
Turn into – become (a particular type of person or thing); be transformed into.
- He was like a stick in his college days; he has now turned into a muscular guy.
- The whole auditorium has turned into a whole lot better place for everyone to visit.
Give in – to surrender or accept defeat.
- He gave in to the opponent when he could not persist any longer in the fight.
- Giving in so early in the process shows that you do not have passion for the game.
Take after – resemble a parent or ancestor in looks or personality.
- He is so extrovert and intelligent, he takes after his father in many ways.
- Your little kid takes after you in cuteness.
Let (someone) down – Fail to support or help which was expected by others (disappoint others).
- I don’t wanna let my mother down by failing in any of these unit tests in February.
- The players have let their nation down by not performing well in the final match.
Fall through – fails to happen.
- Without proper plan, your business will fall through.
- The multi-million dollar company’s model fell through because the workers and manufacturers went on a strike.
Figure out – discover, understand something.
- We will have to figure out ways to deal with our company’s constant loss.
- The doctors figured out a method with which we can reverse the damage caused to his damaged organ cells.
Throw up – to vomit.
- Rickey started throwing up after eating heavy in the party.
- Drinking 12 beers, Emma started throwing up.
Cheer (someone) up – to make a sad person feel energized and happy.
- I was trying to cheer him up after he had a break up with his longtime girlfriend.
- Emma cheered him up when he failed miserably in his school unit tests.
Work out – have a specified or good result.
- We created this model for our business; I hope it works out this time.
- There are always times in our life when things don’t seem to work out, but we should keep persisting.
Kicked off – become very angry.
- He kicked off when Aaron teased him about his old jackets.
- Josh has some problem which he seriously needs to pay heed to; he gets kicked off very often.
Look down on (someone) – regard someone with the feel of superiority.
- Everyone at party looked down on a boy at the party just because he was not rich and fashionable.
- Looking down on people just because of their physical traits is so bad.
Cut (someone) out – to disallow someone to be a part of the activity.
- Its better you cut him out, he tells everything to his other friends.
- I felt being cut out from the conversation yesterday at meeting.
Mess with – to bother or interfere with someone/something.
- You don’t wanna mess with his elder brother; he has a giant’s biceps.
- People are messing up with their safety by drinking and driving.
Eat out – eat at restaurant or café.
- It’s been so hectic, let’s go and eat out today.
- Eating out regularly definitely affects people’s health in many ways.
Dress up – wear nice clothes, especially for a party or function.
- The model was dressed up in a red silky gown on the red carpet.
- Joe was dressed up in a black suit for his wedding ceremony.
Cut down on – reduce or do less of something.
- The patient was advised to cut down on fat foods down the line.
- I was thinking to cut down on extra sugar as I was taking excess of it.
Keep away – preventing someone from going somewhere or near something.
- Medicines should be kept away from the reach of children.
- You should keep away from the fire sources for your health and safety.
How many of these phrasal verbs did you already know?
There are more than 3000 like them. Don’t worry about this number—just start with a few at a time with the techniques we taught in this articles and soon you’ll be an expert and use them fluently in your spoken English.
Please don’t say that they are not forty-five, I know that they are not forty-five because the rest of them are given in these articles (down below the paragraph) because the article was already so long.
Here is the link to all of them:
I hope you would have learned a lot about these phrasal verbs in detail, their types, how to learn and use, and much more. Make sure you learn these all phrasal verbs off by heart and practice by taking the quiz down at the bottom so as to permanent them in your mind and make them your active vocabulary.
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Till then take care and?
Can you pass today’s Phrasal verbs quiz?
Since you learnt some new phrasal verbs today, let's test your knowledge of phrasal verbs through this phrasal verbs quiz.